When 3010 adults were surveyed in a poll, 22% said that they use the Internet. Is it okay for a newspaper reporter to write that "1/4 of all adults use the
Interer? Why or why not? Identify the null hypothesis, alternative hypothesis, test statistic, P-value, conclusion about the null hypothesis, and final conclusion
that addresses the original claim. Use the P-value method. Use the normal distribution as an approximation of the binomial distribution
Identify the null and alternative hypotheses. Choose the correct answer below.
Answer
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Supernova 7 months ago
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Hypotheses:

H₀: p = .25

Hₐ: p ≠ .25

Conditions:

  • Random sample NOT stated -- proceed with caution!
  • Normality: 3010(.22) = 662.2 ≥ 10 and 3010(1 - .22) = 2347.8 ≥ 10
  • Independence: 3010(10) = 30100 < all adults (reasonable to assume)

Test statistic:

Conduct the two-tailed test to calculate the area corresponding to the positive and negative z-score.

  • The p-value for the lower tail is .00007205. Multiply this by two to get the area for both tails:
  • p = .0001441  

Conclusion:

Since p = .0001441 < α = .05, we reject the null hypothesis. There is convincing statistical evidence that the true proportion of adults that use the internet is not equal to .25.

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