The Nazi Party came to power in Germany in 1933 under the leadership of Adolf Hitler and ruled the country until losing World War II in 1945. Throughout the 1930s, Germany enacted a series of anti-Jewish, or anti-Semitic, laws as Hitler sought to create a "master race" of white "Aryan" Germans. Many of these discriminatory laws made it easy to locate, isolate, and move Jews into concentration camps throughout Nazi-occupied Europe. Six million Jews were murdered by the Nazi government during the Holocaust.
As you read, takes notes on the different types of discrimination that Jewish people in Germany faced.
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Antisemitism and the persecution of Jews represented a central tenet of Nazi ideology. In their 25-point Party Program, published in 1920, Nazi party members publicly declared their intention to segregate Jews from "Aryan" society and to abrogate Jews' political, legal, and civil rights.
Nazi leaders began to make good on their pledge to persecute German Jews soon after their assumption of power. During the first six years of Hitler's dictatorship, from 1933 until the outbreak of war in 1939, Jews felt the effects of more than 400 decrees and regulations that restricted all aspects of their public and private lives. Many of those laws were national ones that had been issued by the German administration and affected all Jews. But state, regional, and municipal officials, on their own initiative, also promulgated a barrage of exclusionary decrees in their own communities. Thus, hundreds of individuals in all levels of government throughout the country were involved in the persecution of Jews as they conceived, discussed, drafted, adopted, enforced, and supported anti-Jewish legislation. No corner of Germany was left untouched.